Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 52-61
Treatment of Clostridium Difficile Infection in Community Teaching Hospital: A Retrospective Study
Ali Elbeddini, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Winchester District Memorial Hospital WDMH, Winchester, Canada
Received: Sep. 14, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 9, 2018;       Published: Oct. 23, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20180303.12      View  257      Downloads  12
Abstract
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is responsible for 15 – 25% cases of health-care associated diarrhea. The CDI treatment algorithm used at our hospital is adapted from the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2010 C. difficile guideline. The primary objective of this study was to assess the treatment adherence to our algorithm; this was defined as therapy consisting of the appropriate antibiotic, dose, route, interval and duration indicated based on the disease severity and episode within 24 hours of diagnosis. In addition, our study also described the population and their risk factors for CDI at our hospital. This was a single-centre, retrospective cohort chart review of CDI cases that were diagnosed at admission or during hospitalization from June 1st 2017 to June 30th 2018. Sixty cases were included, of which adherence to our algorithm was 50%. Overall, severe CDI had the highest treatment non-adherence (83%) and the biggest contributing factor was prescribing the wrong antibiotic (72%). In severe CDI, which warrants vancomycin monotherapy, wrong antibiotic consisted of metronidazole monotherapy (55%) or dual therapy with metronidazole and vancomycin (45%). Patients were mostly older, females being treated for an initial episode of mild to moderate CDI. Common risk factors identified were age over 65 years (80%), use of antibiotics (83%) and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) (68%) within the previous three months. The use of a PPI in this study, a modifiable risk factor without a clear indication was 35%. The conclusion was that there is an area for antimicrobial stewardship intervention in CDI treatment at our hospital is prescribing the right antibiotic based on the CDI indication. In severe CDI, an emphasis should be on prescribing vancomycin monotherapy as the drug of choice. PPI use should be reassessed for tapering when appropriate.
Keywords
Clostridium Difficile Infection, Adherence, Infectious Diseases Society of America 2010 C. Difficile Guideline
To cite this article
Ali Elbeddini, Treatment of Clostridium Difficile Infection in Community Teaching Hospital: A Retrospective Study, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 52-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20180303.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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